Ko-Ko the Clown








1600 Broadway, New York City, New York



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Clown / Circus Performer / Racecar Driver / Scientist / Painter / Hunter / Actor

KOKO the CLOWN 1932

Koko the Clown originated when Max Fleischer invented the rotoscope, a device which allowed for animation to be more lifelike by tracing motion picture footage of human movement.

To test out his new invention Fleischer photographed his brother Dave in a clown costume. After tracing the film footage amounting to 2,500 drawings and a year's work Koko the Clown was born and appeared in a cartoon series titled Out of the Inkwell from 1918-1929.

Koko's last silent film was Chemical Koko. The Fleischer Studios launched a new series called Talkartoons featuring a majority of characters including Bimbo who not only replaced Koko's silent dog friend Fitz the Dog, but also had adventures of his own and quickly became a star in his own right.

It was in a Talkartoons film with Bimbo in the leading role that Betty Boop made her first appearance in 1930 and later became the Studios headliner. Koko was later merged into the Betty Boop series starting from 1931. In the Betty Boop series he is best friends with Bimbo the dog, and is usually paired up with him.

In some cartoons Koko is sometimes romantically linked to Betty Boop as seen in Betty Boop's Penthouse where he envisions himself marrying her.

Koko also appears in the 1933 Tokio Shunkodo manga.

In some of the cartoons Koko finds Betty attractive, whereas in some of his appearances he does not. In Betty Boop's Hollywood Mystery he has a crush on Lola DaVille. In some of the original Betty Boop cartoons, Koko is a background character. Koko's one true love is his girlfriend Kokette.

Koko was originally planned to feature in Boop! the Betty Boop Musical in an early concept for the Broadway musical, but he was eventually eliminated[1] from the story. He makes a small cameo appearance in the stage artwork.


  • Koko the Clown: "The poor...H...H...Herring shot?" (The Herring Murder Case)
  • Koko the Clown: "C'mon help!" (The Herring Murder Case)
  • Koko the Clown: "I...g...g...gotta get Bimbo the detective." (The Herring Murder Case)
  • Koko the Clown: "I'll save ya!" (Boop-Oop-a-Doop)
  • Koko the Clown: "A bowl of hot soup!" (Betty Boop's Bizzy Bee)
  • Koko the Clown: "At first I was kinda annoyed that she was gettin' all the attention, but heck, she was so gosh-darn lovable, ya had to forgive her! But there was that suit brought by that Helen Kane girl. Then came the scandal over the Will Hayes production code. Betty never really got over that, I'm afraid." (Betty Boop's Big Break)
  • Koko the Clown: "Sally's right Bimbo, Betty's most likely tuckered out what with the extra shifts. She works at the club, on top of her dancing and singing lessons... plus looking after he poor ol' Grampy." (Dynamite Digital Comics)
  • Koko the Clown: "Aw, leave him be Sal, he's got good taste." (Dynamite Digital Comics)
  • Koko the Clown: "Yes indeedy! She's quite the hoofer..." (Dynamite Digital Comics)

Voiced by

Character Design

Koko the ClownFleischer

According to a Fleischer Studios source from the 1920s, Koko the Clown seems to be dubbed the "New Yama Yama Clown" indicating that he is based on the The Yama Yama Man. Koko debuted as The Bray Clown, then the Inkwell Clown and finally Koko the Clown. Koko's face is painted white, he usually wears a black frilled all-in-one clown costume and black clown hat which both feature three pom-poms each. Koko also wears large clown shoes. When colored or in color, his palette is alternatively blue, red or pink. As seen in WFRR, he has can be seen wearing pink and yellow, and he has pink hair.

Dave Fleischer as Koko the Clown

Dave Fleischer as Koko the Clown

Dave Fleischer served as rotoscoped model for Max Fleischer's creation Koko the Clown.


  • Koko's name was originally worded Ko-Ko. 
  • He is the only Fleischer character apart from his former dog Fitz, to have lost his copyright protection. Koko is in the public domain, because any works that were first published or distributed in the United States before January 1, 1928, are no longer protected by copyright. The 1918–1919 character Ko-Ko officially debuted in Ko-Ko's Showtime in 1924.
  • Grampy's character design is somewhat identical to Koko. Both are completely different characters and not the same person.
  • On occasion, Ko-Ko has been depicted as effeminate, for example in Any Rags?. It's unclear, though, if he is making fun of this.
  • Koko's best-known role was as back-up to Betty Boop in Snow White, which came out more than four years before the Disney version. In it, the Clown who has been turned into a ghost by the Wicked Queen lip-synchs to Cab Calloway's "Saint James Infirmary", while morphing into various objects mentioned in the song. Since Koko was mostly a silent star, it's one of the few classic-era cartoons in which he had any voice at all.
  • In some of the Betty Boop cartoons, Koko can be seen fighting for Betty's affection. 
  • Koko got a new lease on life in 1955, when Paramount Pictures, which by then owned the old Fleischer Studio's assets, sold his cartoons to television. The silent ones were of little use in that venue, but his 1930s appearances with Betty Boop were quite viable at least, as long as black and white cartoons were broadcastable, after which he faded into limbo again.
  • Koko's last gasp came in TV's 1961-62 season, when a new series of Out of the Inkwell cartoons was made for syndication. In this one, character actor Larry Storch, whose animation credits include a couple of minor Looney Toons characters of the 1960s such as Cool Cat and Merlin the Magic Mouse, provided the Clown's voice and those of most other characters. Koko had a female counterpart, Kokette, and a dog, Kokonut. Max Fleischer, still alive and pushing 80, was said to be displeased with the quality of its animation. Today, it is mercifully forgotten.
  • Koko's old films, however, remain dated, seldom seen, and compared to modern technology, more than a little primitive. But they can still be found in video bargain bins and out-of-the-way cable stations, and are still cherished by those who love creativity in cartoons.
  • In Betty Boop's Hollywood Mystery Koko is a silent character and cannot speak, which is a reference to his appearances in his original series which debuted in the 1920s, whereas in the Betty Boop cartoon series Koko is able to speak.

See Also